The following excerpt from the last will and testament of the Late Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni (A.R.) is most touching and relevant: “The memory of this great epic event (Ashura) must be kept alive. Remember, the cries of damnation and all the curses that are rightfully raised against the cruelty of the Bani Umayyayah caliphs towards the Holy Imams, are reflected in the heroic protests against cruel despots by the nations through the centuries.
Over one thousand three hundred and fifty years ago, on the 10th of Muharram, just before ‘asr, a man stood on a sand-dune at Karbala’. He was bleeding from several wounds on his body. He had lost everything. Since early morning he had carried several dead bodies into his camp. He had even buried his infant child.
Muhammad and Ibraheem were the two sons of Hadhrat Muslim (A). Hadhrat Muslim (A) had taken them together with him on the way to Kufa. After Hadhrat Muslim was killed, Muhammad and Ibraheem were also arrested and put into a dungeon. It is said that Muhammad was just eight years old and Ibraheem was ten years old.
The 24th of Zil-Hajj marks the anniversary of the auspicious occasion of Eid-e-Mubahila. This is the day of victory of Muslims over Christians. The event of Mubahila occurred in the 10th of Hijrah.
Ghadeer Khumm was the day that defined Islam. After all, the idea of a successor is fundamental, and Allah made sure that at Ghadeer, the Divine choice is revealed once and for all. If we seek incompetent people for our religion after the Prophet, then Islam will not survive for long. It is only through the Qur’an, Imam Ali, and the infallible Imams from his lineage that we can continue to follow the path of Allah after the Prophet.
The legacy of the 10th Imam (peace be upon him) has demonstrated the ability to withstand the test of time and remain steadfast despite years of intellectual and historical oppression. The character of Imam Ali al-Hadi reflects the guided spirit of his father, the esteemed and ranked Imam al-Jawad (peace be upon him).
At the end of Hajj, the pilgrims and Muslims all over the world observe Eid (Festival) to celebrate the spiritual and all the other achievements. This festival is also known as Eid al-Adh-ha meaning ‘the festival of sacrifice’. Muslims are reminded about that great trial, which Prophet Abraham (Peace be on him) was put to, of sacrificing his young son Prophet Ishmael (Peace be on him).
Of all the children that accompanied Imam Husain A.S., the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh &
progeny) to Karbala, the story of the suffering and death of Muhammad and Ibrahim, the two young sons
of Muslim bin Aqeel A.S. is particularly sad and moving. Muslim A.S. was cousin of Imam Husain A.S.
and nephew of Imam Ali A.S.
The ninth day of Dhul Hijjah is the day of ‘Arafah. It is the day when Hajj pilgrims stand on the plain of ‘Arafat’ (a flat wide desert about 22 km south east of Makkah Mukarramah) to pray.
‘Arafat literally means knowledge and science.
Imam Husayn’s caravan left Madina on 28th Rajab, 60 A.H. and reached Mecca on the fourth of Shabaan. Imam had not yet made up his mind on where to go. For the time being he decided to stay in Mecca at least until the month of Dhul-Hajj and perform the pilgrimage.