3rd of Rajab 1437AH is the Shahadat Anniversary of our 10th Holy Imam, Imam Ali An Naqi, Al Hadi, born in the year 212AH and attained Shahadat in the year 254AH. On this occasion of sadness & grief in the house of Prophet Muhammad(saww), we extend our condolences to the Prophet(pbuh), Imam-e-Zamana(as), the Ahl-e-Bait(as) and to all the Mu’mineen and Mu’minaat.
The blessed Imam was born on 1stRajab 57AH in Madina. His mother was Fatima, the daughter of Imam al-Hasan (A) and his father was Imam Ali bin Husain, Zain al-Abidin (A). He was unique amongst the Imams (A) in that both his paternal and maternal grandfathers were also Imams (A). He was present in Kerbala – he was only 4 years old, but remembered the events clearly. The insignia of his ring was “Al Izzatu Lillah” – All greatness/honour belongs to God.
Ibn ˋAbbas narrates from the Prophet (S) that he stated:
“My daughter Fatima is the foremost of all the women of the world, past and future. She is a portion of me, the light of my eyes, the fruit of my heart and a spirit that resides in my body… Be witness that that I have granted her followers amnesty from the fire of hell.”
On 3rd of the month of Jamad al Thani Hazrat Fatima (sa) died. This was about 90 days after the death of her Holy father. Asma binte Umais in the same house to help her household work tells the story of her death in a very moving manner. When the day arrived she prepared food for her children, then she told Asma that she was going to her prayer room.
Sayyeda Zainab(a.s), the daughter of Imam Ali (a.s) and Sayyeda Fatima (a.s.), was an exemplary Woman of great ability, intelligence, knowledge , insight, courage and perseverance. She was born in the Prophet’s (SAWW) family, the most outstanding figure in human history. The Prophet’s wife Sayyeda Khadija (a.s.) was her maternal grandmother, and her paternal grandmother was Fatima (a.s.), the daughter of Assad, who mothered and nursed the Prophet (SAWW).
The eleventh bright star of Imamate appeared on the horizons of the sky of guardianship (willayat) in Madina and set in Samarra.
His name was Hassan and surname Abu Mohammad and the well-known titles were “Zaki” and “Askari”. His father was Imam Hadi (A), whereas his mother’s name was Sausan.
Muhammad (s.a.w) was born in such a family on Friday, the 17th Rabi’-ul-Awwal, 1st year of ‘Amul-Fil (corresponding to 570 C.E.) to bring the Message of God to the world. In Sunni circles, 12th Rabi’-ul-Awwal is more famous. Thus, the prayer of Ibrahim while constructing the Ka’bah was granted:
It is known from various history books and various sources of Hadith that when Imam Sadiq (AS) was a young boy, he used to come to the schools and Madrasas founded by his father the 5th Imam and instead of learning as many other youngsters and older pupil did, he used to discuss serious matters of Fiqh and Jurisprudence with much older students of the Madrasas.
The 9th of Rabi al-Awal is also known as Eid-e-Zahra meaning the festival of Fatima al-Zahra (A), because 3 to 4 years after the tragedy of Karbala, it was on this day that joy and happiness was restored in the family of Ahlul-Bayt (A). From the tragedy of Karbala in 61 A.H. till this day, the family members of the Holy Prophet (SAW) had continuously mourned and grieved the martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (A).
Imam Hasan Al-Askari (a) spent his short life in sufferings and distresses. The Abbasid kings spared no effort in oppressing him. They moved him from a prison to another. They subjected him to confinement and imposed on him an economical blockade. They prevented him from meeting with his followers as they prevented ulama and scholars from contacting with him to take from the fountains of his sciences.